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June 30, 1905 1352 

During - the week ended May 20, 1905, there were 31 deaths from 
cholera and 172 deaths from plague in Calcutta. 

In Bengal, week ended May 13, 1905, 2,182 cases of and 1.984 
deaths from plague. 

In India, week ended May 6, 1905,60,671 cases of and 59,253 deaths 
from plague; week ended May 13, 1905, 52,939 cases and 16,003 deaths. 

Restrictions on inland travel in Burma removed. 

The Rangoon Chamber of Commerce recently called the attention 
of the local government to the manner in which the passport system 
was enforced in certain districts, and strongly urged that the system 
be abolished, on the ground that its results have created a panic among 
the people and caused serious injury to the trade of the province. A 
similar representation has been made by the president of the Rangoon 
municipality, by whom it was represented that the retail business of 
Rangoon had been seriously affected; that traders and others had been 
deterred from approaching the town, not through fear of plague itself, 
but because of the restrictions to which they are liable on their return 
to their homes. 

A resolution has been published by which the lieutenant-governor 
directs that all means of surveillance in the case of inland travelers in 
Burma who m&y have arrived or who may be suspected of having 
arrived from a plague-infected area shall be discontinued and that no 
other restrictions shall be imposed. Names and addresses of persons 
arriving by train or steamer must not be recorded, nor must they be 
compelled to present themselves for inspection or medical examina- 
tion. These orders relate to inland travelers 01113-. I n 'he case 0I 
those arriving \>y sea at Rangoon or any other port in the province 
the existing procedure will continue to be enforced. 

By the cooperation of the people throughout the province and b_v 
the steps which have been taken to improve the sanitaiy condition of 
the municipal and other towns, 'so as to render them less liable to 
attack by the epidemics, there is still reason to hope that plague may 
be confined to Rangoon and may not obtain a footing in any other 
town or district in Burma. 

Connection between mosquito bite and fever in Ceylon noted in ancient 

Sanskrit literature. 

Ceylon has just made a most interesting and somewhat startling 
contribution to the subject of mosquitoes and malaria. 

Sir Henry Blake, the governor, in the course of a personal investi- 
gation into the malarial epidemic of Mutwal, was informed that an 
ancient Sanskrit document written about 1,400 years ago, mentioned 
67 varieties of mosquitoes the bites of which produced malarial fever, 
of which 40 varieties have since been identified in Ceylon. Transla- 
tions of the Sanskrit work in question have been made, and the results 
have been communicated by His Excellency to the British Medical 
Association. The paper was of a tentative character, for all that 
appears to be proved is that Eastern literature connected the bite of 
mosquito with fever, though not with the particular type of fever 
known as malaria. How far the theories of the Orientals actually 
extended is now being made the subject of inquiry in Ceylon.